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Gynecology

Amniocentesis

Amniocentesis is a procedure used to take out a small sample of the amniotic fluid for testing.

Bone Density Test

A bone density test is used to measure the bone mineral content and density. It may be done using X-rays, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA or DXA), or a special CT scan that uses computer software to determine bone density of the hip or spine.

Breast Biopsy

A breast biopsy is a small piece of breast tissue that is removed and checked in a lab. This is done to see if cancer or other abnormal cells are present.

Breast Scan

A breast scan is an imaging test to look at your breasts. It is used when a mammogram has not given your health care provider enough information.

Breast Ultrasound

Breast ultrasound is an imaging test that uses sound waves to look at your breasts. It can help your healthcare provider find breast problems. It also lets your provider see how well blood is flowing to areas in your breasts. This test is often used along with mammography.

Cesarean Section

Cesarean section or C-section is the surgical delivery of a baby through a cut (incision) made in the mother's abdomen and uterus.

Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS)

This prenatal test involves taking a sample of tissue from the placenta to test for chromosomal abnormalities and certain other genetic problems.

Colposcopy

Your healthcare provider uses colposcopy to view the opening to the uterus, called the cervix, and the vagina. It uses an instrument with a magnifying lens and a light, called a colposcope.

Cystoscopy for Women

Cystoscopy is a procedure that lets the healthcare provider view the urinary tract, particularly the bladder, the urethra, and the openings to the ureters. Cystoscopy can help find problems with the urinary tract. This may include early signs of cancer, infection, narrowing, blockage, or bleeding.

Dilation and Curettage (D and C)

A dilation and curettage procedure, also called a D and C, is a surgical procedure in which the cervix is dilated so that the cervical canal and uterine lining can be scraped with a spoon-shaped instrument to remove abnormal tissues.

Endometrial Biopsy

An endometrial biopsy is a procedure to take a small tissue sample from the lining of the uterus, called the endometrium.

Episiotomy

An episiotomy is an incision through the area between your vaginal opening and your anus. This area is called the perineum. This procedure is done to make your vaginal opening larger for childbirth.

Fetal Heart Monitoring

Fetal heart rate monitoring measures the heart rate and rhythm of your baby (fetus). This lets your healthcare provider see how your baby is doing.

Fetal Ultrasound

Fetal ultrasound is a test used during pregnancy to create an image of the baby in the mother's womb (uterus).

Hysterectomy

Hysterectomy is surgery to remove the uterus. Your healthcare provider may also remove one or both ovaries, and the fallopian tubes. In some cases, he or she may remove other parts of the reproductive system.

Laparoscopy

Laparoscopy uses a thin lighted tube that has a video camera. The tube is called a laparoscope. It is put into a tiny cut or incision in your belly. The video camera images can be seen on a computer screen.

Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP)

Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) uses a wire loop heated by electric current to remove cells and tissue in a woman’s lower genital tract. It is used as part of the diagnosis and treatment for abnormal or cancerous conditions.

Breast-Conserving Surgery

Breast-conserving surgery (BCS) is sometimes called a lumpectomy or a partial mastectomy. It may be done as part of a treatment plan for breast cancer. With BCS, only the part of the breast that has cancer is removed.

Mammogram

A mammogram is way to look at your breast using X-rays. It is used to find and diagnose breast disease in women. Your healthcare provider may order a mammogram if you have a breast problem such as a lump, pain, or discharge from a nipple. Your provider may also order one as a screening test. The test can look for breast cancers, benign tumors, and cysts before they can be felt.

Mastectomy

A mastectomy is surgery to remove a breast. It is part of treatment for breast cancer. Here's what you need to know about this procedure.

Robotic Hysterectomy

A robotic hysterectomy allows the surgeon to perform the procedure via a computer using laparoscopic tools to remove the uterus.

Uterine Artery Embolization

Uterine artery embolization is a procedure to get rid of noncancerous tumors in the uterus (uterine fibroids). It does not use major surgery, so you may recover faster. You also may not need to stay in the hospital.

Robotic-Assisted Myomectomy

A robotic-assisted myomectomy is a type of surgery. It is done to remove growths in a woman’s uterus called fibroids.

Robotic-Assisted Sacrocolpopexy

Robotic-assisted sacrocolpopexy is a type of surgery. It is done to repair pelvic organ prolapse. The surgery is done with special tools.

Sonohysterography

Sonohysterography is a procedure to look at the inside of the uterus. It’s a safe, painless test that uses sound waves and a computer to create images. It does not use radiation.