Heart disease, high blood pressure, and kidney disease are some of the complications of diabetes.
Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of blindness in American adults. It’s caused by changes in the blood vessels of the retina, the light sensitive layer of tissue at the back of the inner eye. In some people, retinal blood vessels may swell and leak fluid. In others, abnormal new blood vessels grow on the surface of the retina. These changes may result in vision loss or blindness.
Diabetes affects the cardiovascular system, but many problems aren't apparent until a person has a heart attack or stroke.
If you have diabetes, you are twice as likely to have high blood pressure. Untreated, high blood pressure can raise your risk for heart disease.
Diabetes can damage the nerves in your feet, as well as lead to blood vessel disease. These conditions make it more difficult to notice when you injure your foot or develop a sore.
It's not high blood sugar, heart disease, or stroke that most often puts people with diabetes in the hospital. It's their feet.