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Nephrology/Kidney Care

Reasons for Kidney Failure

Kidneys are responsible for the removal of excess fluid, filtering waste products, assisting in the regulation of blood pressure, assisting regulation of red blood cell production and maintaining the body’s chemical balance.

There are many reasons why kidneys fail, the most common are:

  • High Blood Pressure
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease

When kidneys fail, waste products and excess fluid build up in the body and would eventually cause death if not treated through the use of peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis, or kidney transplant.

Treatment Options

There are three options for the treatment of kidney disease:

  • Peritoneal Dialysis – the removal of waste products through the installation of fluid into the peritoneal cavity. The peritoneal cavity is used as the dialyzing membrane.

  • Hemodialysis – blood is circulated through a semipermeable membrane. This membrane is bathed by solutions that selectively remove waste products.

  • Kidney Transplantation - Learn more about our Kidney Transplant Program.