As with any problem, if you have concerns about your health, you should contact your physician.
Why do people fall?
There are many risk factors that make a person more likely to suffer a fall. Some common risk factors include:
- Taking multiple medications and/or certain classes of medications
- Lack of exercise and activity
- Diseases and conditions that affect balance (ex: inner ear problems, leg injuries, stroke, Parkinson’s disease, diabetes)
- Poor maintenance of general health
- Vision problems
- Improper use of a walker or cane
- Frequent urination, especially at night
- Unsafe environment at home: poor lighting clutter in walking areas telephone/electrical cords that may cause tripping slippery floors/tubs throw rugs
What are some things you can do to prevent falls?
- Exercise regularly.
- Know what medications you are taking and know their side effects.
- If you get dizzy, change your position slowly. Talk to your doctor about what may be causing the dizziness.
- Keep your home well-lit and use night lights in the bathroom.
- Install grab bars in the bathroom.
- Use slip-proof mats or strips in the tub or shower.
- Practice good nutrition and drink plenty of fluids.
- Secure or take up carpets and throw rugs.
- Wear shoes that are low-heeled and non-skid.
- Speak to someone about the fears of falling.
- Consider asking your doctor for a referral to physical or occupational therapy if you have difficulty with any of the following: getting in and out of chairs getting on and off the toilet getting in and out of the tub walking outdoors rising up from the floor going up and down stairs.
- S.A.I.L. Stay Active and Independent for Life