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Spinal Deformities Treatment

What Are Spinal Deformities?

Spinal deformities, unusual curves in the spine, typically develop during growth in adolescence as well as when people age. Conditions that can result in deformities of the spine include:

  • Scoliosis — A condition where the spine curves from side to side. It often develops during childhood. Read more about scoliosis.
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis — An inflammatory condition that can impact the spine, possibly leading to kyphosis — curvature of the back. Kyphosis can impact an individual’s ability to stand up straight as well as limit his or her function in other ways, too.
  • Kyphosis — A condition that causes the upper back to curve forward, often resulting in a humped or rounded appearance to the back. It can limit and individual’s ability to function.
  • Spondoylisthesis — A condition that impacts the vertebrae in the back. It can happen when a person ages and the discs between vertabrae dry out and flatten. This may cause vertebrae to slip out of alignment. In children and teenagers, birth defects or stress fractures can cause vertabrae to slip, also resulting in spondoylisthesis.

The severity of the spinal curvature often determines what symptoms exist. If the curve is mild, an individual may not experience any symptoms. However, if the curve grows more severe and begins straining the spine, symptoms such as back pain may appear.

Diagnosis of the different conditions varies, but it may include a physical examination by a doctor, X-ray tests, computed tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

What Is the Treatment?

Treatment is also dependent on the particular condition as well as its severity. Physical therapy, pain medication.