Research in the field of cardiology involves the study of diseases of the heart. Cardiovascular or heart disease includes a number of conditions affecting the structures or function of the heart. They can include:
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women in the U.S. Research involving cardiology investigates how the heart functions and ways to help prevent or treat heart disease. Treatments may include medications, therapies and devices (such as stents, pacemakers or mechanical heart devices); or lifestyle changes that address the problems associated with heart disease.
The vascular system is the network of blood vessels found throughout the body. Vascular diseases are very common, especially as people age.
Vascular diseases include: