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Once your child's condition is diagnosed by a pediatric cardiologist, there may be several options to correct the problem. Some children may not require any intervention, but will simply be checked at intervals. Others may be treated with medication, a catheterization procedure or surgery.
Providence has long been a leader in the treatment of heart disease and has pioneered a variety of procedures, including minimally-invasive and robotic surgeries that result in less pain, tiny incisions and faster recovery.
Cardiac catheterization labs are used for diagnosis and interventional procedures. Cardiac catheterization uses small tubes, called catheters, which are passed through the chambers of the heart and vessels, to measure pressures. This process provides important information on the heart condition, and helps determine if a surgical procedure may be necessary to repair an abnormality.
Interventional catheterizations treat some heart conditions without surgery. Procedures offered include: valvuloplasty, angioplasty, PDA Closure, coil embolization of vessels, stenting of coarctation of the aorta/vessels, atrial septal defect (ASD) closure, patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure, mitral valvuloplasty, catheter ablation.
An abnormal rhythm of the heart, called arrhythmia, causes the heart to pump less effectively. Electrophysiologists use various methods to correct arrythmias:
Congenital heart defects occur in about 8 to 10 percent of every 1,000 infants. Causes are typically unknown, but a viral infection, environmental or hereditary factors may contritube to the condition. There are may types of congenital heart defects, which may involve:
Specialists in the areas of cardiology, cardiac surgery and cardiac anesthesiology deliver expert personalized care for infants, children and adolescents with congenital heart disease. The highly-trained team offers a wealth of experience in traditional procedures as well as innovative techniques.
Technology to diagnose congenital heart defects includes fetal echocardiograms that may indicate a problem even before a baby is born. This early diagnosis allows cardiologists to monitor the baby's heart development and plan ahead for any necessary steps to correct a problem. Echocardiograms are also used to diagnosis heart abnormalities in children and adolescents.