What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a group of diseases in which the body isn’t able to produce or use insulin, leading to high blood glucose levels. Our bodies use insulin to convert the sugars and starches we eat into the energy we need to live.
Type I diabetes, often diagnosed in youth occurs when the body does not produce insulin. Type II diabetes, the most common form of the disease, happens when the body either doesn’t produce enough insulin or ignores the insulin that is produced. Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant women when the body can’t make and use as much insulin as needed.
When we eat, our bodies break down sugars and starches into glucose. Then insulin takes the glucose from our blood into our cells. Without insulin, glucose builds up in our blood and can cause many different complications.